For Vietnamese, marriage is one of 3 most significant things to do all one's daily life. Thank to the range in society of 54 different ethnic minority teams inhabiting Vietnam, wedding day ceremonies are also held in different ways in diverse ethnic groups and Cham men and women, is one particular of fifty four Vietnam ethnic teams, has wedding ceremonies held in a unique way.
When the ultimate day of the Ramadan competition ends (in mid-October), you will see only ladies, males and youngsters on the paths of a Cham village in An Giang. Cham women aged twelve and thirteen are held at property. Gusts of autumn wind and the rain in this province on the southeast border carry me a torrent of indescribable emotion. Laughter and congratulations echo from someplace, giving observe that the marriage ceremony period has arrived.
The Cham people today in An Giang live primarily in Tan Chau, Phu Tan and An Phu districts in Chau Doc city, alongside the financial institutions of the Chau Giang river, the next most significant city at the headwaters of the Hau river. The Cham people today stay and get the job done beneath the creed of Islam, which is greatest proven in their wedding ceremony customs.
Strangers are really rarely invited to a Cham wedding. But I am a close friend of a Chairwoman of the Womens Affiliation in Chau Phong commune of Tan Chau district, so I was invited to attend the marriage of her relative. This was the first time I had attended a wedding ceremony of the Cham men and women and I was the only Kinh man or woman at the marriage ceremony.
A wedding ceremony of the Cham men and women in An Giang lasts for a few days. The bride and groom enhance their dwelling on the first day. The rituals to get ready the groom and the bride to enter family members daily life are held on the second day. The third working day is the most essential. The marriage is held in the mosque and the groom goes to the bride's household.
Rituals for the groom in the mosque
The tea occasion and singing performances last till 1 a.m., and in the early morning all the folks in the groom's occasion are present to show up at the ceremony. At 6 a.m., everybody, all dressed in official costume, accompany the groom in classic Cham costume to the mosque. There are only males (women are not allowed in the mosque) and a few kids carrying a few containers.
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In the containers are betel, areca and lime in the initial box, rice and salt in the next box, cakes and fruit in the 3rd box. The groom is shaded from the sunlight with a vibrant parasol around his head. Villagers rush to attend the ceremony and noisily examine it. The groom is taken to the mosque on foot, not by motorcycle or by automobile.
On the way to the mosque, flutes or drums are played and people today sing together. On arrival at the mosque the groom sits reverse to the bride's father. There are two elders, who direct a incredibly moral everyday living, who witness the ceremony. An imam reads from the Koran, telling the groom about the duties of a partner under Islamic laws. Then the bride's father shakes the groom's hand and claims: "I marry my daughter, Mahriem to you, Sarol, with I tael of gold and five million". Just after that every person prays for the excellent well being and happiness of the pair. The ceremony lasts for only about fifteen minutes in the mosque.
Taking the groom to the bride's household
The Cham people today in An Giang abide by matriarchal customs, so they get the groom to the bride's dwelling, as an alternative of taking the bride to the groom's property as the Kinh men and women do. From the mosque, the groom is taken to the bride's property. Below anyone stands on the floor, then a single person of the bride's family will come to choose the groom to the bride's place.
The wedding room is superbly embellished. There are 3 kids holding a few containers in their arms who accompany the groom. The bride is beautifully manufactured up and dressed in standard costume. She sits on the bed, waiting for the groom. On getting into the room, the groom sits following to the bride and spots a few bins in front of her. Frankincense is burnt. The ladies and women in the bride's family members pray for happiness for the newlyweds.
At this time, the groom normally takes a single of 3 extended haipins from the bride's hair then places them in her hand. This reveals that the bride is now his spouse. Then the groom alterations into costume furnished by the bride and will come out of the place to greet the bride's spouse and children. Just after that, they return to the groom's family. The bride goes with an aunt of the groom's family members to greet the kin (the aunt appear to the bride's family in advance of the groom gets there).